Regions of Kazakhstan

From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia

Template:Infobox subdivision type Kazakhstan is divided into 14 regions (Template:Lang-kz / oblıstar; singular: облыс / oblıs; Template:Lang-ru / oblasti; singular: область / oblast' ). The regions are further subdivided into districts (Template:Lang-kz / awdandar; singular: аудан / awdan; Template:Lang-ru / rayony; singular: район / rayon ). Three cities, Baykonur, the largest city Almaty and the capital Astana are not part of the regions they are surrounded by.

Coat of arms Full English name Type Full Kazakh name Full Russian name Standard time
45x45px Akmola Region region Ақмола облысы
Aqmola oblısı
Акмолинская область
Akmolinskaya Oblast′
45x45px Aktobe Region region Ақтөбе облысы
Aqtöbe oblısı
Актюбинская область
Aktyubinskaya Oblast
45x45px Almaty cityTemplate:Ref label Алматы қаласы
Almatı qalası
город Алматы
gorod Almaty
45x45px Almaty Region region Алматы облысы
Almatı oblısı
Алматинская область
Almatinskaya Oblast
45x45px Astana cityTemplate:Ref label Астана қаласы
Astana qalası
город Астана
gorod Astana
45x45px Atyrau Region regionTemplate:Ref label Атырау облысы
Atıraw oblısı
Атырауская область
Atyrauskaya Oblast
45x45px Baikonur cityTemplate:Ref label Байқоңыр қаласы
Bayqoñır qalası
город Байконур
gorod Baykonur
45x45px East Kazakhstan Region region Шығыс Қазақстан облысы
Şığıs Qazaqstan oblısı
Восточно-Казахстанская область
Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast
45x45px Jambyl Region region Жамбыл облысы
Jambıl oblısı
Жамбылская область
Zhambylskaya Oblast
45x45px Karaganda Region region Қарағанды облысы
Qarağandı oblısı
Карагандинская область
Karagandinskaya Oblast
45x45px Kostanay Region region Қостанай облысы
Qostanay oblısı
Костанайская область
Kostanayskaya Oblast
45x45px Kyzylorda Region region Қызылорда облысы
Qızılorda oblısı
Кызылординская область
Kyzylordinskaya Oblast
45x45px Mangystau Region region Маңғыстау облысы
Mañğıstaw oblısı
Мангыстауская область
Mangystauskaya Oblast
45x45px North Kazakhstan Region region Солтүстік Қазақстан облысы
Soltüstik Qazaqstan oblısı
Северо-Казахстанская область
Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast
45x45px Pavlodar Region region Павлодар облысы
Pavlodar oblısı
Павлодарская область
Pavlodarskaya Oblast
45x45px South Kazakhstan Region region Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы
Oñtüstik Qazaqstan oblısı
Южно-Казахстанская область
Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast
45x45px West Kazakhstan Region regionTemplate:Ref label Батыс Қазақстан облысы
Batıs Qazaqstan oblısı
Западно-Казахстанская область
Zapadno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast


Template:Note Almaty and Astana cities have the status of State importance and do not relate to any region.
Template:Note The West Kazakhstan and Atyrau regions are both partly located in Eastern Europe as the Ural River run through Atyrau and Oral, their respective capital cities.
Template:Note Baikonur city has a special status because it is currently being leased to Russia with Baikonur Cosmodrome until the year 2050.

Demographic statistics

Entity Capital Area (kmTemplate:Sup) Population
(2009 census)
ISO 3166-2 Code
Akmola Region Kokshetau 146,219 Template:0731,133 KZ-AKM
Aktobe Region Aktobe 300,629 Template:0786,209 KZ-AKT
Almaty Almaty Template:0319 1,450,095 KZ-ALA
Almaty Region Taldykorgan 223,924 1,909,189 KZ-ALM
Astana Astana Template:0710 Template:0734,014 KZ-AST
Atyrau Region Atyrau 118,631 Template:0542,937 KZ-ATY
Baikonur Baikonur Template:057 Template:070,000 KZ-BAY*
East Kazakhstan Region Oskemen 283,226 1,394,963 KZ-VOS
Jambyl Region Taraz 144,264 1,055,942 KZ-ZHA
Karaganda Region Karaganda 427,982 1,357,943 KZ-KAR
Kostanay Region Kostanay 196,001 Template:0879,523 KZ-KUS
Kyzylorda Region Kyzylorda 226,019 Template:0712,915 KZ-KZY
Mangystau Region Aktau 165,642 Template:0545,975 KZ-MAN
North Kazakhstan Region Petropavl Template:097,993 Template:0583,561 KZ-SEV
Pavlodar Region Pavlodar 124,800 Template:0746,829 KZ-PAV
South Kazakhstan Region Shymkent 117,249 2,622,125 KZ-YUZ
West Kazakhstan Region Oral 151,339 Template:0612,516 KZ-ZAP

Former Administrative Boundaries

File:Oblast changes overview2.jpg
Change of oblast names and boundaries from 1954 to today

Over the last 60 years, both the distribution and names of regions of Kazakhstan have changed considerably. Major changes were several fusions and splits between Guryev and Mangystau, Karaganda and Dzhezkazgan, Almaty and Taldy-Kurgan, East Kazakhstan and Semipalatinsk and Kostanay, Turgay and Tselinograd, respectively. Changes in region names were often in line with the renaming of cities, such as in the case of Alma-Ata/Almaty. After the administrative reform in 1997, the last change happened since then took place in 1999, when parts of North Kazakhstan that originally belonged to Kokshetau region became part of Akmola. The 1990s merges were in order to dilute Russian population in the resulting region and to avoid having regions where Russians form majority.[1]




Template:Provinces of Kazakhstan Template:Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries Template:Articles on first-level administrative divisions of European countries Template:Kazakhstan topicsTemplate:Asbox
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