President of Kazakhstan
From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia
Template:Infobox Political post Template:Politics of Kazakhstan The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Template:Lang-kz, Qazaqstan Respuwblïkasınıñ Prezïdenti) is the head of state, Commander-in-chief and holder of the highest office within the Republic of Kazakhstan. The authorities of this position are described in special section of Constitution of Kazakhstan.
None of the Presidential elections held in Kazakhstan have been considered free or fair by western countries or international observers with issues noted including ballot tampering, multiple voting, harassment of opposition candidates and press censorship.
Decoration of the President of Kazakhstan
The President of Kazakhstan's decorations include a breast mark and Standard of The President of Kazakhstan. According to a postTemplate:Who The President of Kazakhstan granted cavalierity of the order of the "Gold Eagle" («Алтын Кыран»(«Золотой Орёл»)).
The President in the Constitution
Item 5 of Article 42 of the constitution determines that none can be elected president more than two terms in a row, but it also states that "The present restriction shall not extend on the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan." 
Article 46 says that the President's "honor and dignity shall be inviolable" and that his expenses shall be paid by the state. Item 4 of the article outlines the special status and authority of the first president, and refers to a special constitutional act for definitions. According to this act, the first president possesses total, absolute and termless inviolability for all actions he performs during his being on a post. And till the death he sustains the government official. He also keeps ability to speak to people of Kazakhstan, keeps guards, communication, transport, state support of his activity, and official apartment and summer residence became his property with official maintenance. There is also pointed medical care, sanatorium, provision of pensions and insurance.
On April 26, 2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected for his 5th presidency. The official ceremony of the inauguration took place at the Palace of Independence in Astana on April 29. At the inauguration ceremony the re-elected president ensured the nation that he would continue the 5 institutional reforms that he had offered earlier, which would contribute to the consistent growth and development of the country.
On January 25, 2017 President Nursultan Nazarbayev laid the ground work for reforms to the constitution that would redistribute executive powers to the parliament and ministries for purpose of more open and efficient governance.
Kazakhstan's 5th presidential election was held on April 26, 2015. Nursultan Nazarbayev was re-elected with 97.7% of the vote. 858 observers from 19 countries were present at the polling stations during the election.
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and other international monitors criticised the election as unfair, with issues noted including the closure of media outlets critical of the government and the jailing of opposition activists. OSCE spokesperson Cornelia Jonker criticised the lack of a "genuine choice" for voters and also argued that there were "significant restrictions to the freedom of expression."
Presidents of the Republic of Kazakhstan (1990–present)
The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.
|№||Name||Portrait||Elected||Term of office||Political party|
|style="background:Template:Communist Party/meta/color;" rowspan=2| 1|| Nursultan Nazarbayev
|150px||style="background:Template:Communist Party/meta/color;"| —||24 April 1990||1 December 1991||Communist Party of Kazakhstan|
| style="background:Template:Communist Party/meta/color;" rowspan=2| 1
|1 December 1991||14 December 1991|
|(1)||14 December 1991||20 January 1999||Independent|
|20 January 1999||1 March 1999|
|(1)||1 March 1999||11 January 2006||Otan|
|11 January 2006||1 December 2006|
|(1)||1 December 2006||8 April 2011||Nur Otan|
|8 April 2011||29 April 2015|
|29 April 2015||Incumbent|