Nur Otan

From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia

Template:Infobox political party

The "Nur Otan" Democratic People's Party (Template:Lang-kz, “Nur-Otan” Xalıqtıq Demokratïyalıq Partïyası), called simply Nur Otan (Template:Lang-kz, "Radiant Fatherland"), is the ruling political party in Kazakhstan with over 762,000 members.[1] Since 2007 it is headed by President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev[2] Nazarbayev's predecessor in the party was Bakhytzhan Zhumagulov. The party's First Deputy Chairman is Askar Myrzakhmetov.


File:Nur Otan Astana.JPG
Nur Otan Headquarters in Astana

The party's predecessor, Fatherland was originally established on February 12, 1999 after the merger of several pro-presidential parties, including the People's Union of Kazakhstan Unity, the Liberal Movement of Kazakhstan, and the "For Kazakhstan - 2030" Movement. At the "uniting" congress the new party outlined a program largely supportive of the government of Nazarbayev.[3]

At the last legislative elections under the Otan banner in 2004, the party won 60.6% of the popular vote and 42 out of 77 seats. Otan merged with Dariga Nazarbayeva's Asar on 25 September 2006, increasing the party's seats by 4 to 46 out of 77.[1]

After the merged party was formed, Nazarbayev remarked to his daughter "Tell your Asar members that... you are returning to your father."[4] Nazarbayeva said on 19 June 2006 that all pro-Presidential parties should combine to create a grouping "with which no other party will be able to compete in the next 50 years."[5]

In December 2006 it was announced that the Civic Party and the Agrarian Party would follow in Asar's path and also merge with Otan to increase Otan's share of MP's from 46 to 57 seats out of 77. Nazarbayev said he expected other parties to merge with Otan. Nazarbayev said there should be fewer, stronger parties that "efficiently defend the interests of the population."[6] At the subsequent party congress on 22 December 2006, delegates voted to rename the party Nur Otan.

In the 18 August 2007 Assembly elections, the party won 88.05% of the vote and all seats.

In October 2011 a cooperation agreement was signed in Astana between Nur Otan and the Ukrainian Party of Regions,[7] and another in 2015 with United Russia.Template:Citation needed

Election results


Election year Candidate # of overall votes  % of overall vote Result
2011 Nursultan Nazarbayev 7,850,958 95.55% Elected
2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev 8,833,250 97.75% Elected


Election Seats won ± Total votes Share of votes Position Party leader
2007 Template:Composition bar Template:Increase98 5,247,720 88.40% Majority gov't Karim Massimov
2012 Template:Composition bar Template:Decrease15 5,621,436 80.99% Majority gov't Karim Massimov
2016 Template:Composition bar Template:Increase1 6,183,757 82.20% Majority gov't Nursultan Nazarbayev

See also



External links

Template:Kazakhstani political parties
Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found