Magaza Masanchi

From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia

Template:Infobox military person Template:Chinese name Template:Infobox Chinese Magaza Masanchi (1886–1937; Cyrillic Dungan: Магәзы Масанчын) or Magaza Masanchin (Cyrillic Dungan: Магәзы Масанчын) was a Dungan Communist revolutionary commander and Statesman in the Soviet Union.[1] He participated in the Russian Revolution on the Bolshevik side. Karakunuz in Kazakhstan was renamed Masanchi after him. He was a victim of the Great Purge by Joseph Stalin.


Masanchi was from Alma-Ata and his father was someone who worked on a farm.[2][3]

During the Russian Civil War the Communists were interested in seeking the support of the non Russian Central Asian peoples. Dungans were invited to join the Red Army.[4]

Dungans residing in town joined the Red Army after serving in the Tsarist forces when going back to Pishpek, fighting for the Soviets in Semirech'ye. However, Dungan peasants were apathetic to both sides in the Civil War, it was reported that the Bolsheviks committed atrocities against the indigenous inhabitants of Central Asia. On the side of the White Russians were Rich Dungans and the Islamic Dungan clerics.[5]

Masanchi originally took part in World War I as a member of the Russian Imperial Army. After the Tsar was overthrown he went to Tashkent.[6]

Masanchi commanded the Dungan Cavalry Regiment of the Red Army and was distinguished for his fighting against counter revolutionaries in Kazakhstan.[7][8] Magaza Masanchi fought for the Soviet Union with Dmitry Furmanov.[9] He became an official in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan after the Civil War.[10]

After going to the 1921 Third Congress of the Comintern Masanchi battled the Basmachi movement. He was also a member of the Soviet secret police.[11]

Masanchi was a victim of the Stalinist Great Purge.[12] He was rehabilitated later.[13]


Masanchi's wife, Jienuo, (Template:Zh) was Jewish.



External links

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