From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia

Template:Expand Hungarian Template:Infobox royalty Levedi, or Levedias, Lebedias, and LebediTemplate:Citation needed was the first known voivode of the Hungarians.[1] Levedi's wife was a Khazar princess, and he was close to the Khazar ruling dynasty. He may himself have been part Khazar. According to Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus' De administrando imperio, the Khazars sought to make Levedi the paramount ruler of all the Hungarian tribes, but he refused, possibly because he was childless or because his close ties to the Khazar government were resented by other Magyar leaders. Instead, Levedi proposed Álmos and his son Árpád as leaders of the Magyars. The Magyar settlement between the Volga river and the Urals the mountains were named Lebedia soon to become Levedia after Levedi.[2]

Name and title

The only source of Levedi's life is the De administrando imperio,Template:Sfn a book written by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus around 950.Template:Sfn According to historian Omeljan Pritsak, Levedi's name, which was actually a title, derived from the Turkic expression "alp edi", or "brave lord".Template:Sfn The Hungarian historian Gyula Kristó, who refuses Pritsak's theory, says that Levedi's name is connected to the Hungarian verb "lesz" ("be").Template:Sfn A similar proper name (Lewedi) was recorded in a Hungarian charter, issued in 1138.Template:Sfn

When writing about Levedi, Porphyrogenitus emphasized "the illustriousness of his race".[3]Template:Sfn Porphyrogenitus's narration suggests that Levedi was born between around 800 and 815, because he seems to have been older than Álmos who was born in the 820s.Template:Sfn Levedi bore the title "voivode", which is of Slavic origin.Template:Sfn When using that title, Porphyrogenitus always referred to the heads of the seven Magyar tribes.Template:Sfn Historian Dezső Paizs says that Levedi was the head of the Megyer tribe, but his theory has not been widely accepted.Template:Sfn




Primary sources


  • Constantine Porphyrogenitus: De Administrando Imperio (Greek text edited by Gyula Moravcsik, English translation by Romillyi J. H. Jenkins) (1967). Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. ISBN 0-88402-021-5.


Secondary sources


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