From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia
While he was a lieutenant general, he also graduated from the Kazakh Polytechnic Institute with a PhD in law. After graduating he worked at the Almaty electrotechnical plant. From 1976 Bozhko served in the national security bodies, where he ascended from a detective to the first vice head of the National Security Committee. Before being appointed Emergency Minister in November 2007 he served as Vice Chairperson of the National Security Committee.