Petropavl

From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia

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Petropavl (Template:Lang-kk) or Petropavlovsk (Template:Lang-ru, not to be confused with Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky), is a city on the Ishim River in northern Kazakhstan close to the border with Russia, about 261 km west of Omsk along the Trans-Siberian Railway. It is the capital of the North Kazakhstan Region.[1] Population: Template:Kz-census2009 Template:Kz-census1999

History

Petropavl was founded in 1752 as a Russian fort extending Russian settlement and influence into the nomadic Kazakh territories to the south. The fort got its name after two Christian saints, apostles Peter and Paul. It was granted the status of city in 1807. Petropavl was an important trading center for silk and carpets until the Russian Revolution of 1917.

Transport

File:Petropavl-trainstation.jpg
Railway station in Petropavl

Petropavl has a railway station with connections to the Russian capital Moscow and Kazakhstan's capital Astana.

Petropavl Airport is located Template:Convert south of the city.

Climate

Petropavl has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with cold, dry winters and warm, wetter summers. Template:Weather box

Education

Petropavl is the location of North Kazakhstan State University, named for M. Kozybaev, established in 1937 as Petropavlovsk Teachers Training Institute.[2]

Sports

The city's bandy team in the Spartakiade 2009 on home ice was victorious.[3] In 2013 it was hosted in Petropavl again, this time the team from Khromtau won.[1] 12-17 December 2016 a cup to the memory of Kazbek Baybulov is played at Stadium Karasay in Petropavl.[2]

Olympic gold medal winning cyclist Alexander Vinokourov is a native of the city.Template:Citation needed

International relations

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Twin towns — Sister cities

Petropavl is twinned with:

Footnotes

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External links

Template:North Kazakhstan Region Template:Cities of Kazakhstan Template:Coord

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