From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia
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The Kobyz or kyl-kobyz is an ancient Kazakh string instrument. It has two strings made of horsehair. The resonating cavity is usually covered with goat leather.
Traditionally kobyzes were sacred instruments, owned by shamans and bakses (traditional spiritual medics). According to legends, the kobyz and its music could banish evil spirits, sicknesses and death.
In the 1930s, when the first folk instrument orchestras were established in the Soviet republic of Kazakhstan, a new kind of kobyz came into existence. It now had four metallic strings and thus became closer to a violin. Such a modernized kobyz can be used to play both Kazakh music and the most complicated works of violin literature. Bowed instruments may have originated in the equestrian cultures of Central Asia, an example being the Kobyz (Kazakh: қобыз) or kyl-kobyz is an ancient Turkic, Kazakh string instrument or Mongolian instrument Morin huur:Turkic and Mongolian horsemen from Inner Asia were probably the world’s earliest fiddlers.
Abdizhamil Karimuly Nurpeisov (born October 22, 1924) is the People's writer of Kazakhstan, one of the word-painters who have made great contributions to the Kazakh literature. He was born in Kyzylorda region, in the neighborhood of Ushkon of the village Kulandy situated in Aral area.His ancestors anciently lived in the area of the Aral Sea. His grandfather in the seventh generation Taykozha Batyr had a son Kaldan; in his turn he had a son Arghynbay Bi, who had a son Sylanbay famous in his time for untold wealth. Nurpeis born after him was a district hakim.Nurpeis had three sons Karim, Nazhim and Kali. All the three and Abdizhamil born of Karim participated in the Great Patriotic War (1941–1945). Among them all Abdizhamil was the only one returned alive from the front. Just before the war he worked at a fishery collective farm. In 1944, on April 21 he died in the war thereabouts Ternopol.His father Karim was engaged in hunting and worked in the village Soviet.In 1942, after leaving a secondary school, he joined the Army and participated in the Great Patriotic War. After graduating from the preliminary courses he became a political worker at the South and the Baltic fronts, in an artillery mortar company thereabouts Luhansk, later he was a staff officer and saw action in the Baltic at the Kurland bridgehead. Read more...