Nuclear Terrorism Convention
From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia
Template:Use dmy dates Template:Infobox treatyThe Nuclear Terrorism Convention (formally, the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism) is a 2005 United Nations treaty designed to criminalize acts of nuclear terrorism and to promote police and judicial cooperation to prevent, investigate and punish those acts. As of September 2016, the convention has 115 signatories and 106 state parties, including the nuclear powers China, France, India, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The Convention covers a broad range of acts and possible targets, including nuclear power plants and nuclear reactors; covers threats and attempts to commit such crimes or to participate in them, as an accomplice; stipulates that offenders shall be either extradited or prosecuted; encourages States to cooperate in preventing terrorist attacks by sharing information and assisting each other in connection with criminal investigations and extradition proceedings; and, deals with both crisis situations, assisting States to solve the situations and post-crisis situations by rendering nuclear material safe through the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
Definition of the crime of nuclear terrorism
Article 2 of the convention defines the offence of Nuclear terrorism as follows: Template:Quote
At the same time, article 4 expressly excludes the application of the convention to the use of nuclear devices during armed conflicts, without recognizing though the legality of the use of nuclear weapons: Template:Quote
As of September 2016, there are 106 states parties to the Convention.
Signatories which are not parties
The following states have signed, but not ratified, the Convention.
- Definition of terrorism
- International conventions on terrorism
- United Nations General Assembly Sixth Committee (Legal)
- Heather R. Demner, The Nuclear Terrorism Convention: Will Detainees be classified as "enemy combatants" by the United States? 12 ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law, 641 (2006).
- C.F. Diaz-Paniagua, Negotiating terrorism: The negotiation dynamics of four UN counter-terrorism treaties, 1997–2005, City University of New York (2008).
- Odette Jankowitsch-Prevor, International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, 76 OECD/NEA Nuclear Law Bulletin (2005).
- Christopher C. Joyner Countering Nuclear Terrorism: A Conventional Response, 18 European Journal of International Law 225 (2007).
- Introductory note by A. Rohan Perera, procedural history note and audiovisual material on the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism in the Historic Archives of the United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law
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