Ay Qap

From Kazakhstan Encyclopedia

Ay Qap (آی قاپ ; Айқап in modern script) was a Kazakh journal of opinion and debate published in Troitsk from January 1911 until September 1915 under the editorship of Muxametžan Seralin. It brought together well-known nationalists and reformists, progressivist thinkers and scholars, educators and writers, such as Akhmet Baytursinuli, Alikhan Bokeikhanov, Mirjaqip Dulatuli, Mäšhür Žüsip Köpeev, Maġžan Žumabaev, Beyimbet Maylin and many others. Articles focused mainly on questions related to the modernisation of the Kazakh customary society, Russian politics, land redistribution and educational issues. It also published a lot on Kazakh language and literature. Along with Qazaq (published between 1913 and 1918), Ay Qap played an important role in the development of the intellectual and political life among early 20th century Kazakhs.

It was an independent journal and relied fully on sales and subscriptions (in 1912, one issue sold approx. 1000 copies). Issued at first monthly and then twice a month (in 1913 and 1914), it published eighty-eight issues (twelve in 1911, fourteen in 1912, twenty-four in 1913 and 1914, fourteen in 1915). Publication was stopped because of financial problems and political pressure.

The journal was printed in Arabic script. The language displays features common to the literary language in use at that time among Central Asian and Volga intellectuals mixed with more typically Kazakh elements.

Тhe original articles have been recently reprinted in Cyrillic script (with a substantial adaptation to modern standard Kazakh language) with a thematic index and a general introduction (Субханбердина ж. б., 1995)Template:Citation needed.

See also

A weekly Internet journal whose slogan clearly evokes the historical Ay Qap is currently being published under the same name: Айқап. Қоғамдық-саяси апталық.


  • A. Bennigsen, Ch. Lemercier-Quelquejay. La presse et le mouvement national chez les Musulmans de Russie avant 1920. Paris: Mouton. 1964, pp. ??-?? et passim.
  • Y. Субханбердина, С. Дәуiтов (Құраст.), Р. Н. Нұрғалиев (Бас ред.). Айқап. Алматы: Қазақ энциклопедиясы. 1995. 368 бет.
  • Г. К. Валеев. Национальная пресса на Южном Урале. Вестник Челябинского государственного университета. Серия 11 (Журналистика). N° 1(2). 2005. C. 47-60.
  • S. Sabol Ai Qap. most probably from the Encyclopedia of Modern Asia
  • Айкап. Большая советская энциклопедия. 3-е изд. Москва. 1969-1978. 30 т.Template:Italic title